World Health Organization reference values for human semen characteristics.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Human reproduction update, Volume 16, Issue 3, p.231-45 (2010)


2010, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Center-Authored Paper, Fathers, Humans, Infertility, Male, Male, Middle Aged, Reference Values, Semen, Semen Analysis, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, World Health Organization, Young Adult


Semen quality is taken as a surrogate measure of male fecundity in clinical andrology, male fertility, reproductive toxicology, epidemiology and pregnancy risk assessments. Reference intervals for values of semen parameters from a fertile population could provide data from which prognosis of fertility or diagnosis of infertility can be extrapolated.