Vaccine-induced HIV-specific CD8+ T cells utilize preferential HLA alleles and target-specific regions of HIV-1.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), Volume 58, Issue 3, p.248-52 (2011)

Keywords:

2011, December 2011, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division

Abstract:

Most T cell-based HIV-1 vaccine candidates induce responses of limited breadth for reasons that are unclear. We evaluated vaccine-induced T-cell responses in individuals receiving an HIV-1 recombinant adenoviral vaccine. Certain HLA alleles (B27, B57, B35, and B14) are preferentially utilized to mount HIV-specific responses, whereas other alleles (A02 and B07) are rarely utilized (P < 0.001). This preference seems due to 4 following factors individually or in combination: higher affinity of specific peptides to specific HLA alleles; higher avidity of T-cell receptor; HLA and peptide interaction; and/or higher surface expression of certain HLA. Thus, HLA immunodominance plays a substantial role in vaccine-induced T-cell responses.