Unexpected conformational variations of the human centromeric chromatin complex.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Genes & development, Volume 32, Issue 1, p.20-25 (2018)


Genomics Core Facility


We combined classical salt fractionation with chromatin immunoprecipitation to recover human centromeric chromatin under native conditions. We found that >85% of the total centromeric chromatin is insoluble under conditions typically used for native chromatin extraction. To map both soluble and insoluble chromatin in situ, we combined CUT&RUN (cleavage under targets and release using nuclease), a targeted nuclease method, with salt fractionation. Using this approach, we observed unexpected structural and conformational variations of centromere protein A (CENP-A)-containing complexes on different α-satellite dimeric units within highly homogenous arrays. Our results suggest that slight α-satellite sequence differences control the structure and occupancy of the associated centromeric chromatin complex.