Type 2 diabetes among rural Hispanics in Washington State: perspectives from community stakeholders.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Health promotion practice, Volume 11, Issue 4, p.589-99 (2010)


2010, Center-Authored Paper, Community-Based Participatory Research, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Health Education, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Public Health Sciences Division, Rural Population, Washington


During February-March 2006, elicitation interviews were conducted with 23 community stakeholders in the Yakima Valley, Washington State, to examine concerns about diabetes and to obtain recommendations for how to address concerns among Hispanics in this rural community. Using a snowball approach, stakeholders were identified from organizations providing care and outreach for Hispanics with diabetes. Interviews were guided by a social ecology approach and were conducted as part of a larger parent study using principles of community-based participatory research. Audiotaped interviews were transcribed and then coded by three staff members who identified common themes independently before meeting to reach consensus. Stakeholders represented health care delivery or social service organizations, churches, or local radio stations. Diabetes was perceived as an important problem among community members, who often underwent delayed diagnosis of the disease. Lack of disease knowledge, access to appropriate information or services, health insurance, and personal responsibility were perceived as barriers. Stakeholders recommended using exiting organizations and businesses as intervention channels, promoting cultural sensitivity of health professionals and volunteers, creating and distributing appropriate information, and organizing activities to promote awareness and disease management. Recommendations have informed the design of community interventions to lessen the impact of diabetes in the Yakima Valley.