Transplant outcomes for primary immunodeficiency disease.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Seminars in hematology, Volume 47, Issue 1, p.79-85 (2010)

Keywords:

2010, Algorithms, Blood Donors, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Humans, Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes, Patient Selection, Treatment Outcome

Abstract:

Primary immune deficiencies (PIDs) are rare diseases, and most are lethal without appropriate intervention. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) can cure the majority of patients, but most lack a suitable matched related donor. Alternative donor stem cells (mismatched related donor bone marrow, unrelated donor bone marrow, and unrelated donor umbilical cord blood [UCB]) are therefore frequently required. Published data comparing outcomes after alternative donor transplant for PID are scarce. The outcomes and potential advantage and disadvantages of each alternative stem cell source are discussed in this chapter. Although there are insufficient prospective data to make meaningful comparisons between the alternative stem cell sources, the results presented here demonstrate clearly that the use of UCB transplantation for PID is a viable option and may be advantageous in many situations.