Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Lee Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease Symptom Scale in a Brazilian Population.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Volume 22, Issue 7, p.1313-8 (2016)


The Lee chronic graft-versus-disease (cGVHD) Symptom Scale is a patient-reported instrument developed and validated in English to measure symptoms and functional impact of cGVHD. This tool has not been validated in a Latin America population. The Brazil-Seattle Chronic GVHD Consortium conducted a multicenter study at five Brazilian institutions to validate the Lee cGVHD Symptom Scale in adults with chronic GVHD. Study objectives included the translation and validation of the instrument in Brazilian Portuguese and evaluation of the correlation with other quality of life (QoL) tools (i.e., Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 [SF-36] and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy with Bone Marrow Transplant subscale [FACT-BMT]). Translation and validation were according to the American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons Outcome Committee guideline. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to measure construct validity. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients. Between April 2011 and August 2012, 47 patients with cGVHD by the 2005 NIH criteria were enrolled in this study. Cohort median age was 48 (23-69) years and 29 (62%) were male. Lee cGVHD Symptom Scale reliability was adequate (Cronbach's alpha 0.62-0.83). The correlations between similar domains of the Lee cGVHD Symptom Scale, SF-36 and FACT-BMT were moderate to high. The Brazilian Portuguese version of the Lee cGVHD Symptom Scale is valid and reliable and can be used in clinical trials of cGVHD in Brazil.