Total body irradiation, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, and autologous peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation followed by randomization to therapy with interleukin-2 versus observation for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma: results of a phase 3 randomiz

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Blood, Volume 111, Issue 8, p.4048-54 (2008)


2008, Antineoplastic Agents, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Combined Modality Therapy, Cyclophosphamide, Disease-Free Survival, Etoposide, Female, Humans, Interleukin-2, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Second Primary, Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation, Public Health Sciences Division, Transplantation, Autologous, Treatment Outcome, Whole-Body Irradiation


To determine the effect of posttransplantation immunotherapy with IL-2 on the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) after autologous stem-cell transplantation (PBSCT), patients with previously treated NHL were treated with cyclophosphamide, etoposide, total body irradiation (TBI), and PBSCT. Twenty-eight to 80 days after PBSCT, patients were randomized to IL-2 versus observation. Three hundred seventy-six eligible patients were registered (with 4-year PFS of 34% and 4-year OS of 52%), and 194 eligible patients were randomized to continuous infusion intravenous IL-2 (9 million units/m(2)/day for 4 days followed 5 days later by 1.6 million units/m(2)/day for 10 days) versus observation. In randomized patients, there was no significant difference in PFS (hazard ratio of IL-2 to observation = 0.90; P =.56) or in OS (hazard ratio of IL-2 to observation = 0.88; P =.55). There were no deaths related to IL-2 treatment. Grade 4 IL-2-related toxicities (n = 14) were reversible. These results confirm earlier SWOG findings that cyclophosphamide, etoposide, TBI, and PBSCT can be administered to patients with relapsed/refractory NHL with encouraging PFS and OS. Posttransplantation IL-2 given at this dose and schedule of administration had no significant effect on PFS or OS. This study is registered at as NCT00002649.