Sources of cadmium exposure among healthy premenopausal women.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


The Science of the total environment, Volume 409, Issue 9, p.1632-7 (2011)


2011, Adult, Cadmium, Center-Authored Paper, Creatinine, Cross-Sectional Studies, diet, Environmental Exposure, Environmental Pollutants, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Nutrition Assessment Core Facility, Premenopause, Public Health Sciences Division, Questionnaires, Shared Resources, Smoking


Cadmium, a persistent and widespread environmental pollutant, has been associated with kidney function impairment and several diseases. Cigarettes are the dominant source of cadmium exposure among smokers; the primary source of cadmium in non-smokers is food. We investigated sources of cadmium exposure in a sample of healthy women.