Soluble MICB in Plasma and Urine Explains Population Expansions of NKG2D(+)CD4 T Cells Inpatients with Juvenile-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Open journal of immunology, Volume 7, Issue 1, p.1-17 (2017)

Keywords:

Genomics Core Facility

Abstract:

Abnormal NKG2D ligand expression has been implicated in the initiation and maintenance of various auto-inflammatory disorders including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study's goal was to identify the cellular contexts providing NKG2D ligands for stimulation of the immunosuppressive NKG2D(+)CD4 T cell subset that has been implicated in modulating juvenile-onset SLE disease activity. Although previous observations with NKG2D(+)CD4 T cells in healthy individuals pointed towards peripheral B cell and myeloid cell compartments as possible sites of enhanced NKG2DL presence, we found no evidence for a disease-associated increase of NKG2DL-positivity among juvenile-onset SLE B cells and monocytes. However, juvenile-onset SLE patient plasma and matched urine samples were positive by ELISA for the soluble form of the NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB, suggesting that kidney and/or peripheral blood may constitute the NKG2DL positive microenvironments driving NKG2D(+)CD4 T cell population expansions in this disease.