Social cognitive mediators of adolescent smoking cessation: results from a large randomized intervention trial.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, Volume 24, Issue 3, p.436-45 (2010)

Keywords:

2010, Adolescent, Center-Authored Paper, Cognitive Therapy, Collaborative Data Services Core Facility, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Intention to Treat Analysis, Male, Public Health Sciences Division, Self Efficacy, Shared Resources, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Treatment Outcome

Abstract:

Only one prior study has examined why adolescent smoking cessation interventions are effective. To address this understudied and important issue, we examined whether a large adolescent smoking cessation intervention trial's outcomes were mediated by social cognitive theory processes. In a randomized trial (N = 2,151), counselors proactively delivered a telephone intervention to senior year high school smokers. Mediators and smoking status were self-reported at 12-months postintervention eligibility (88.8% retention). At least 6-months abstinence was the outcome. Among all enrolled smokers, increased self-efficacy to resist smoking in (a) social and (b) stressful situations together statistically mediated 55.6% of the intervention's effect on smoking cessation (p < .001). Among baseline daily smokers, increased self-efficacy to resist smoking in stressful situations statistically mediated 56.9% of the intervention's effect (p < .001). Self-efficacy to resist smoking is a possible mediator of the intervention's effect on smoking cessation.