Sleep outcomes in children with hemifacial microsomia and controls: a follow-up study.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Pediatrics, Volume 124, Issue 2, p.e313-21 (2009)


2009, Canada, Case-Control Studies, Center-Authored Paper, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Facial Asymmetry, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Odds Ratio, Public Health Sciences Division, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive, Snoring, United States


Children with craniofacial anomalies are at high risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), yet its prevalence among children with craniofacial conditions is not known. Children with hemifacial microsomia (HFM) are likely particularly vulnerable to SDB as a result of underdevelopment of the mandible and oropharynx. Nevertheless, most children with HFM are not referred for sleep studies. We hypothesized that sleep outcomes would be worse in children with HFM versus control subjects.