Significance of FAB subclassification of "Acute Myeloid Leukemia, NOS" in the 2008 WHO classification: analysis of 5,848 newly diagnosed patients.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Blood (2013)

Keywords:

Clinical Research Division, February 2013, Public Health Sciences Division

Abstract:

The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies acute myeloid leukemia (AML) via genetic, immunophenotypic, biologic, and clinical features. Still, "AML, not otherwise specified (NOS)" is further subdivided based on morphologic criteria similar to those of the French-American-British (FAB) classification. We analyzed the relevance of this practice in patients with newly diagnosed "AML, NOS" with available FAB information undergoing curative-intent therapy on trials of 3 cooperative study groups (HOVON, MRC/NCRI, SWOG) or at MD Anderson Cancer Center. Ignoring information on NPM1 and CEBPA, 5,848 patients met criteria for "AML, NOS". After multivariate adjustment, FAB M0 was independently associated with significantly lower likelihood of achieving complete remission (CR) and inferior relapse-free and overall survival as compared to FAB M1, M2, M4, M5, and M6, with inconclusive data regarding M7. However, restricting attention to known NPM1(neg) patients, FAB M0 was no longer associated with worse outcome; restricting attention to patients known to be NPM1(neg)/CEPBA(neg) (i.e. honoring the provisional entities of "AML with mutated NPM1" and "AML with mutated CEBPA") did not affect this result. In conclusion, in the 2008 WHO classification scheme, FAB subclassification does not provide prognostic information for "AML, NOS" cases if data on NPM1 and CEBPA mutations are available.