Serum glycans as risk markers for non-small cell lung cancer.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.) (2016)

Abstract:

Previous studies have suggested occurrence of altered serum glycan profiles in patients with lung cancer. Here, we aimed to determine the predictive value of serum glycans to distinguish non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases from controls in pre-diagnostic samples using a previously validated predictive protein marker pro-SFTPB, as anchor. Blinded pre-diagnostic serum samples were obtained from the Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET), and included a discovery set of 100 NSCLC cases and 199 healthy controls. A second test set consisted of 108 cases and 216 controls. Cases and controls were matched for age at baseline (5-yr groups), sex, smoking status (current vs. former), study enrollment cohort and date of blood draw. Serum glycan profiles were determined by mass spectrometry. Twelve glycan variables were identified to have significant discriminatory power between cases and controls in the discovery set (AUC>0.6). Of these, four were confirmed in the independent validation set. A combination marker yielded AUCs of 0.74 and 0.64 in the discovery and test set, respectively. Four glycan variables exhibited significant incremental value when combined with pro-SFTPB compared to pro-SFTPB alone with AUCs of 0.73, 0.72, 0.72 and 0.72 in the test set, indicating that serum glycan signatures have relevance to risk assessment for NSCLC.