Senescence-induced alterations of laminin chain expression modulate tumorigenicity of prostate cancer cells.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.), Volume 10, Issue 12, p.1350-61 (2008)

Keywords:

2008, Animals, Basic Sciences Division, Cell Aging, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Movement, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Humans, Laminin, Male, MICE, Mice, Nude, Neoplasm Transplantation, Prostatic Neoplasms, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Messenger, Wound Healing

Abstract:

Prostate cancer is an age-associated epithelial cancer, and as such, it contributes significantly to the mortality of the elderly. Senescence is one possible mechanism by which the body defends itself against various epithelial cancers. Senescent cells alter the microenvironment, in part, through changes to the extracellular matrix. Laminins (LMs) are extracellular proteins important to both the structure and function of the microenvironment. Overexpression of the senescence-associated gene mac25 in human prostate cancer cells resulted in increased mRNA levels of the LM alpha4 and beta2 chains compared to empty vector control cells. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of these senescence-induced LM chains on tumorigenicity of prostate cancer cells. We created stable M12 human prostate cancer lines overexpressing either the LM alpha4 or beta2 chain or both chains. Increased expression of either the LM alpha4 or beta2 chain resulted in increased in vitro migration and in vivo tumorigenicity of those cells, whereas high expression of both chains led to decreased in vitro proliferation and in vivo tumorigenicity compared to M12 control cells. This study demonstrates that senescent prostate epithelial cells can alter the microenvironment and that these changes modulate progression of prostate cancer.