Robust suppression of env-SHIV viremia in Macaca nemestrina by 3-drug ART is independent of timing of initiation during chronic infection.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of medical primatology, Volume 42, Issue 5, p.237-46 (2013)

Keywords:

2013, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Flow Cytometry Core Facility, October 2013, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Nonhuman primates (NHPs) are an important model organism for studies of HIV pathogenesis and preclinical evaluation of anti-HIV therapies. The successful translation of NHP-derived data to clinically relevant anti-HIV studies will require better understanding of the viral strains and NHP species used and their responses to existing antiretroviral therapies (ART). METHODS: Five pigtailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) were productively infected with the SIV/HIV chimeric virus SHIV-1157 ipd3N4 following intravenous challenge. After 8 or 27 weeks, ART (PMPA, FTC, raltegravir) was initiated. Viral load, T-cell counts, and production of SHIV-specific antibodies were monitored throughout the course of infection and ART. RESULTS: ART led to a rapid and sustained decrease in plasma viral load. Suppression of plasma viremia by ART was independent of the timing of initiation during chronic infection. CONCLUSIONS: We present a new NHP model of HIV infection on antiretroviral therapy, which should prove applicable to multiple clinically relevant anti-HIV approaches.