Relationship between menopausal symptoms and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.379-88 (2011)


2011, Aged, Body Composition, Body Mass Index, Breast Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast, Carcinoma, Lobular, Case-Control Studies, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Hot Flashes, Humans, Menopause, Middle Aged, Postmenopause, Prognosis, Public Health Sciences Division, Risk Factors, Survival Rate, United States


Prior studies indicate that women with menopausal symptoms have lower estrogen levels because they go through menopause as compared with women who do not experience them. Given the central role of hormones in the etiology of breast cancer, a link between menopausal symptoms and breast cancer is plausible. However, no prior studies have evaluated the association between menopausal symptoms and breast cancer risk.