Rapid Detection of Human Cytomegalovirus UL97 and UL54 Mutations Directly from Patient Samples.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of clinical microbiology, Volume 51, Issue 7, p.2354-9 (2013)

Keywords:

2013, Clinical Research Division, June 2013, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division

Abstract:

Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, particularly in the transplant setting. The availability of anti-CMV drugs has improved treatment, but drug resistance is an emerging problem. Here, we describe an improved, rapid, sequencing-based assay for the two genes in CMV where drug resistance occurs, the UL97 and UL54 genes. This assay is performed in 96-well format with a single master mix and provides clinical results within 2 days. It sequences codons 440 to 645 in the UL97 gene and codons 255 to 1028 in the UL54 gene with a limit of detection of 240 IU/ml. With this assay, we tested 43 specimens that had previously been tested for UL97 drug resistance and identified 3 with UL54 mutations. One of these patients had no concurrent UL97 mutation, pointing toward the need for an assay that facilitates dual UL97/UL54 gene testing for complete resistance profiling.