Quantitative proteomic analysis of the cell envelopes and native membrane vesicles derived from gram-negative bacteria.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Current protocols in microbiology, Volume 34, p.1F.3.1-1F.3.16 (2014)

Keywords:

2014, August 2014, Center-Authored Paper, Proteomics Core Facility, Shared Resources

Abstract:

Proteins localized to the cell envelope and naturally released membrane vesicles (MVs) play diverse functions in physiology and pathogenesis of Gram-negative bacteria. Study of these proteome fractions is essential for better understanding the basic physiological processes, development of vaccines, and identification of potential drug targets. This unit presents gel-free quantitative proteomic methods for comprehensive proteomic profiling of the cell envelopes and MVs. The procedure starts with the precipitation of the isolated proteome fractions to remove any potential compounds that may interfere with downstream experimental steps. Subsequently, the proteins are reduced, alkylated, and subjected to trypsin digestion. The trypsinized peptides are labeled using isobaric tagging for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ), and analyzed samples are pooled and subjected to rigorous prefractionations by strong cation exchange (SCX) and reversed-phase (RP) liquid chromatography (LC). Finally, the tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) fragmentation enables peptides identification and quantification. Curr. Protoc. Microbiol. 34:1F.3.1-1F.3.16. © 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.