Procaspase-3 regulates fibronectin secretion and influences adhesion, migration and survival independently of catalytic function.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of cell science, Volume 127, Issue Pt 10, p.2217-26 (2014)

Keywords:

Animals, APOPTOSIS, Caspase 3, CATALYSIS, Cell Adhesion, Cell Movement, Cell Survival, Fibroblasts, Fibronectins, MICE

Abstract:

Caspase-3 is an effector caspase that is activated downstream of mitochondrial outer-membrane permeabilization (MOMP) during apoptosis. However, previous work has demonstrated that caspase-3-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) are resistant to mitochondrially mediated cell death and display a delay in the mitochondrial events of apoptosis, including Bax activation, MOMP and release of cytochrome c. Here, we show that caspase-3 regulates fibronectin secretion and impacts on cell morphology, adhesion and migration. Surprisingly, the catalytic activity of caspase-3 is not required for these non-apoptotic functions. Moreover, we found that caspase-3-deficient MEFs are not resistant to death by anoikis and that exogenous fibronectin protects wild-type MEFs from cell death induced by serum withdrawal. Taken together, our data indicate that procaspase-3 has a non-apoptotic function; it regulates the secretion of fibronectin and influences morphology, adhesion and migration. Furthermore, this novel procaspase-3 function might alter the apoptotic threshold of the cell.