Partial phenotypic correction of human Lesch-Nyhan (hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient) lymphoblasts with a transmissible retroviral vector.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


The Journal of biological chemistry, Volume 259, Issue 12, p.7842-9 (1984)


362, Animals, B-Lymphocytes, DNA, Gout, Humans, Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase, Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome, Male, MICE, PHENOTYPE, Phosphoribosyl Pyrophosphate, Purines, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Retroviridae, Thioguanine, Transcription, Genetic, Transfection


A human Lesch-Nyhan (hereditary, severe hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPR transferase) deficiency) B-lymphoblast line was infected with an amphotropic retroviral vector containing human HPR transferase cDNA under transcriptional control of viral long terminal repeat sequences. Of 17 clones isolated, 12 integration groups were defined by analysis of restriction enzyme digests of their genomic DNA with HPR transferase and viral long terminal repeat probes. These groups had HPR transferase activity restored to levels of 4 to 23% of normal values. Aberrant metabolic parameters associated with severe deficiency of HPR transferase activity, i.e. elevated rates of purine excretion, increased accumulation of hypoxanthine, elevated 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate contents, altered nucleoside triphosphate pools, resistance to toxic effects of 6-thioguanine, were partially to nearly completely corrected; the degree of correction generally corresponded to the degree of restoration of HPR transferase activity. The integration of the HPR transferase gene was found to be variably stable during 9 months of culture of the virally transformed lymphoblasts under nonselective conditions. The HPR transferase gene-infected lines reverted to resistance to 20 microM 6-thioguanine, i.e. severe HPR transferase deficiency, at frequencies of 10(-6) to in excess of 10(-5) per generation. The reversions were accompanied by either a loss or rearrangement of the integrated HPR transferase sequences or by retention of the sequences in an unaltered form.