Nonmalignant late effects and compromised functional status in survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Volume 30, Issue 1, p.71-7 (2012)


2012, Adult, Aged, Center-Authored Paper, Chronic Disease, Clinical Research Division, Comorbidity, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Graft vs Host Disease, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Humans, Jan 12, January 2012, Karnofsky Performance Status, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Odds Ratio, Preoperative Period Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Research Trials Office Core Facility - Biostatistics Service, Retrospective Studies, Self Report, Shared Resources, Survivors, Time Factors, Transplantation, Autologous, Transplantation, Homologous, Treatment Outcome


PURPOSE Our objective was to describe the incidence of nonmalignant late complications and their association with health and functional status in a recent cohort of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS We determined the incidence of 14 nonmalignant late effects in adults who underwent transplantation from January 2004 through June 2009 at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center who survived at least 1 year after HCT. Data were derived from review of medical records and annual self-reported questionnaires. Results The 1,087 survivors in the study had a median age at HCT of 53 years (range, 21 to 78 years) and were followed for a median of 37 months (range, 12 to 77 months) after HCT. The prevalence of pre-existing conditions ranged from 0% to 9.8%. The cumulative incidence of any nonmalignant late effect at 5 years after HCT was 44.8% among autologous and 79% among allogeneic recipients; 2.5% of autologous and 25.5% of allogeneic recipients had three or more late effects. Survivors with three or more late effects had lower physical functioning and Karnofsky score, lower likelihood of full-time work or study, and a higher likelihood of having limitations in usual activities. Predictors of at least one late effect were age ≥ 50 years, female sex, and unrelated donor, but not the intensity of the conditioning regimen. CONCLUSION The burden of nonmalignant late effects after HCT is high, even with modern treatments and relatively short follow-up. These late effects are associated with poor health and functional status, underscoring the need for close follow-up of this group and additional research to address these complications.