Next Generation Sequencing in Adult B Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Patients.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (2017)

Abstract:

We used next generation sequencing (NGS) of the immunoglobulin genes to evaluate residual disease in 153 specimens from 32 patients with adult B cell ALL enrolled in a single, multi-center study. The sequencing results were compared to multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) data in 66 specimens (25 patients) analyzed by both methods. There was a strong concordance (82%) between the methods in the qualitative determination of the presence of disease. However, in 17% of cases leukemia was detected by sequencing, but not by MFC. In 54 bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) paired specimens, the burden of leukemia detected by NGS was lower in PB than BM, although still detectable in 68% of the 28 paired specimens with positive BM. Lastly, patients without disease detected by NGS or MFC had a 5-year relapse free survival (RFS) of > 80%. The results suggest that residual disease detection by immunoglobulin gene sequencing is an extremely sensitive technique, and may identify patients that might benefit from transplant. Moreover, the increased sensitivity of the method may allow frequent peripheral blood testing to supplement marrow sampling to measure disease response.