Molecular cloning of Mus dunni endogenous virus: an unusual retrovirus in a new murine viral interference group with a wide host range.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of virology, Volume 71, Issue 6, p.4663-70 (1997)


1997, Animals, Cats, Cells, Cultured, Cloning, Molecular, Coturnix, Cricetinae, Dogs, Genes, Viral, Humans, MICE, Muridae, Rats, Retroviridae, Species Specificity, VIRAL INTERFERENCE, Viral Structural Proteins


Mus dunni endogenous virus (MDEV) is activated from cells of the Asian wild mouse M. dunni (also known as Mus terricolor) in response to treatment with either 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine or hydrocortisone. MDEV represents a new murine retrovirus interference group and thus appears to use a different receptor for entry into cells than do other murine retroviruses. Here we show that MDEV is also not in the gibbon ape leukemia virus or RD114 virus interference groups. A retroviral vector with an MDEV pseudotype was capable of efficiently infecting a wide variety of cells from different species, indicating that the MDEV receptor is widely expressed. We isolated a molecular clone of this virus which exhibited no hybridization to any cloned retrovirus examined, suggesting that MDEV has an unusual genome. One copy of a possible retrovirus element that weakly hybridized with MDEV was present in the genomes of laboratory strains of mice, while no such elements were present in other species examined. A virus activated by 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine from cells of a BALB/c mouse, however, was not related to MDEV by either hybridization or interference analyses.