Mapping contrast agent uptake and retention in MRI studies of myocardial perfusion: case control study of dogs with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

The international journal of cardiovascular imaging (2012)

Keywords:

2012, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Human Biology Division, November 2012

Abstract:

Myocardial perfusion studies using dynamic contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) could provide valuable, quantitative information regarding heart physiology in diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), that lead to diffuse myocardial damage. The goal of this effort was to develop an intuitive but physiologically meaningful method for quantifying myocardial perfusion by CMRI and to test its ability to detect global myocardial differences in a dog model of DMD. A discrete-time model was developed that parameterizes contrast agent kinetics in terms of an uptake coefficient that describes the forward flux of contrast agent into the tissue, and a retention coefficient that describes the rate of decay in tissue concentration due to contrast agent efflux. This model was tested in 5 dogs with DMD and 6 healthy controls which were imaged using a perfusion sequence on a 3T clinical scanner. CINE and delayed-enhancement CMRI acquisitions were also used to assess cardiac function and the presence of myocardial scar. Among functional parameters measured by CMRI, no significant differences were observed. No myocardial scar was observed. Increased perfusion in DMD was observed with an uptake coefficient of 6.76 ± 2.41 % compared to 2.98 ± 1.46 % in controls (p = 0.03). Additionally, the retention coefficient appeared lower at 82.2 ± 5.8 % in dogs with DMD compared to 90.5 ± 6.6 % in controls (p = 0.12). A discrete-time kinetic model of uptake and retention of contrast agent in perfusion CMRI shows potential for the study of DMD.