Macromolecule synthesis in yeast spheroplasts.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of bacteriology, Volume 94, Issue 5, p.1697-705 (1967)

Keywords:

Adenine, Carbon Isotopes, Centrifugation, Density Gradient, Culture Media, DNA, Enzymes, Lysine, Macromolecular Substances, Osmosis, Protein Biosynthesis, Protoplasts, Ribosomes, RNA, RNA, Transfer, Saccharomyces, Sorbitol, Surface-Active Agents, Time Factors, Tritium

Abstract:

Conditions have been established for the preparation of spheroplasts of Saccharomyces cerevisiae which are able to increase their net content of protein, ribonucleic acid (RNA), and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), several-fold upon incubation in a medium stabilized with 1 m sorbitol. The rate of RNA and protein synthesis in the spheroplasts is nearly the same as that occurring in whole cells incubated under the same conditions; DNA synthesis occurs at about half the whole cell rate. The spheroplasts synthesize transfer RNA and ribosomal RNA. The newly synthesized ribosomal RNA is incorporated into ribosomes and polysomes. The polysomes are the site of protein synthesis in these spheroplasts. Greater than 90% of the total RNA can be solubilized by treatment of the spheroplasts with sodium dodecyl sulfate or sodium deoxycholate. These spheroplast preparations appear to be a useful subject for the study of RNA metabolism in yeast.