Levels of Genital Tract Defensins and Cytokines Differ between HIV-Uninfected US and African Women.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989) (2015)


To explore the impact of race and geographic region on biomarkers of HIV risk and vaginal health, differences in soluble immune mediators were measured in US versus African and US white versus US black women at enrollment into a phase 2 microbicide trial.