The invisible arm of immunity in common cancer chemoprevention agents.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), Volume 6, Issue 8, p.764-73 (2013)


2013, August 2013, Clinical Research Division


Immunoprevention refers to a strategy of preventing pathogen-associated and spontaneous cancers through the use of vaccines, antibodies, and immune modulators. Immune modulators function by enhancing the endogenous ability of the immune system to monitor for malignancy, so-called "immunosurveillance." There is growing evidence that many of the most promising cancer chemoprevention agents including aspirin, COX-2 inhibitors, aromatase inhibitors, and bisphosphonates mediate their effects, in part, by enhancing immunosurveillance and reversing the immune evasive mechanisms that premalignant lesions use. In the following review, we introduce critical components of the human immune surveillance system-dendritic cells, T cells, and immune suppressive cells-and discuss the emerging data suggesting that common chemoprevention agents may modulate the function of these immunologic cells. Cancer Prev Res; 6(8); 764-73. ©2013 AACR.