Indistinguishable landscapes of meiotic DNA breaks in rad50+ and rad50S strains of fission yeast revealed by a novel rad50+ recombination intermediate.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

PLoS genetics, Volume 4, Issue 11, p.e1000267 (2008)

Keywords:

2008, Basic Sciences Division, Center-Authored Paper, DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded, DNA, Fungal, Flow Cytometry Core Facility, Genomics Core Facility, MEIOSIS, Recombination, Genetic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Shared Resources

Abstract:

The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rec12 protein, the homolog of Spo11 in other organisms, initiates meiotic recombination by creating DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and becoming covalently linked to the DNA ends of the break. This protein-DNA linkage has previously been detected only in mutants such as rad50S in which break repair is impeded and DSBs accumulate. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the DSB distribution in a rad50S mutant is markedly different from that in wild-type (RAD50) meiosis, and it was suggested that this might also be true for other organisms. Here, we show that we can detect Rec12-DNA linkages in Sc. pombe rad50(+) cells, which are proficient for DSB repair. In contrast to the results from Sa. cerevisiae, genome-wide microarray analysis of Rec12-DNA reveals indistinguishable meiotic DSB distributions in rad50(+) and rad50S strains of Sc. pombe. These results confirm our earlier findings describing the occurrence of widely spaced DSBs primarily in large intergenic regions of DNA and demonstrate the relevance and usefulness of fission yeast studies employing rad50S. We propose that the differential behavior of rad50S strains reflects a major difference in DSB regulation between the two species--specifically, the requirement for the Rad50-containing complex for DSB formation in budding yeast but not in fission yeast. Use of rad50S and related mutations may be a useful method for DSB analysis in other species.