Impact of cytogenetics on the outcome of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia: results of Southwest Oncology Group 9400 study.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Blood, Volume 111, Issue 5, p.2563-72 (2008)


2008, Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Antineoplastic Agents, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, CYTOGENETICS, Disease-Free Survival, Female, Humans, Karyotyping, Male, Middle Aged, Ploidies, Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma, Public Health Sciences Division, RECURRENCE, Remission Induction, Risk Factors, Survival Rate, Treatment Outcome


We examined the prognostic impact of cytogenetics on the outcome of 200 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients 15 to 65 years of age enrolled in Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG)-9400 study. Evaluable cytogenetics or fluorescence in situ hybridization studies were available in 140 (70%) patients. Four karyotype categories (normal [n = 31, 22%], t(9;22)/BCR/ABL1 [n = 36, 26%], other unfavorable [-7, +8, or 11q23 rearrangement, n = 19, 13%], and miscellaneous [n = 54, 39%]) and the biologically and clinically relevant ALL ploidy subgroups were prospectively defined. Overall survival (OS) decreased significantly with increasing age (P = .009) and varied with karyotype category (P < .001). OS was worst for t(9;22)/BCR/ABL1 followed by other unfavorable karyotypes, with hazard ratios (HR) of 3.45 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.88-6.31) and 2.14 (95% CI, 1.04-4.04), respectively, compared with normal diploid group. OS of the miscellaneous group was similar to that of the normal diploid group (HR = 0.82; 95% CI, 0.44-1.53). Relapse-free survival (RFS) was not significantly associated with age (P = .30) but was heterogeneous among karyotype categories (P < .001) primarily because of poor RFS in t(9;22)/BCR/ABL1 (HR = 3.49; 95% CI, 1.80-6.75) compared with the normal diploid group. After accounting for the variation among karyotype groups, age was not a significant prognostic factor for OS or RFS, highlighting cytogenetics as the most important prognostic factor in adult ALL. This trial was registered at as #NCT00002665.