HER-2/neu vaccine-primed autologous T-cell infusions for the treatment of advanced stage HER-2/neu expressing cancers.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII, Volume 63, Issue 2, p.101-9 (2014)

Keywords:

2013, 2014, Cell Processing Core Facility, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, November 2013, Research Trials Office Core Facility - Biostatistics Service, Shared Resources

Abstract:

This phase I study evaluated the feasibility of expanding HER-2/neu (HER2) vaccine-primed peripheral blood T-cells ex vivo and assessed the safety of T-cell infusions. Eight patients with HER2(+) treatment refractory metastatic cancers were enrolled. T-cells could be expanded to predefined parameters in seven patients (88 %). Ninety-two percent of adverse events were grade 1 or 2. Three of seven patients developed infusion-related inflammatory reactions at their disease sites. HER2-specific T-cells significantly increased in vivo compared to pre-infusion levels (p = 0.010) and persisted in 4/6 patients (66 %) over 70 days after the first infusion. Partial clinical responses were observed in 43 % of patients. Levels of T-regulatory cells in peripheral blood prior to infusion (p < 0.001), the level of HER2-specific T-cells in vivo (p = 0.030), and development of diverse clonal T-cell populations (p < 0.001) were associated with response. The generation of HER2 vaccine-primed autologous T-cells for therapeutic infusion is feasible and well tolerated. This approach provides a foundation for the application of T-cell therapy to additional solid tumor types.