Gram-negative bloodstream infections in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients: the roles of needleless device use, bathing practices, and catheter care.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

American journal of infection control, Volume 37, Issue 4, p.327-34 (2009)

Keywords:

2009, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Balneology, Case-Control Studies, Catheterization, Central Venous, Catheters, Indwelling, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross Infection, Disease Outbreaks, Female, Gram-Negative Bacteria, Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Infection Control, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Odds Ratio, Risk Factors, Self Care, United States, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Young Adult

Abstract:

Between August 1 and October 30, 1998 (outbreak period), an increased incidence of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection (GN-BSI) was detected in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) candidates and recipients in an outpatient HSCT unit. The objectives of the present study were to determine strategies for controlling the outbreak and identify risk factors for GN-BSI.