A genetically engineered anti-CD45 single-chain antibody-streptavidin fusion protein for pretargeted radioimmunotherapy of hematologic malignancies.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cancer research, Volume 66, Issue 7, p.3884-92 (2006)

Keywords:

Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antigens, CD45, Base Sequence, Biotin, Cell Line, Tumor, Female, Humans, Immunoglobulin Fragments, Lymphoma, B-Cell, MICE, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Molecular Sequence Data, Organometallic Compounds, Protein Engineering, Radioimmunotherapy, Radioisotopes, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Streptavidin, Ytterbium

Abstract:

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) currently kills the majority of afflicted patients despite combination chemotherapy and hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Our group has documented the promise of radiolabeled anti-CD45 monoclonal antibodies (Ab) administered in the setting of allogeneic HCT for AML, but toxicity remains high, and cure rates are only 25% to 30% for relapsed AML. We now show the superiority of pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) compared with conventional radioimmunotherapy using a recombinant tetravalent single-chain Ab-streptavidin (SA) fusion protein (scFv(4)SA) directed against human CD45, administered sequentially with a dendrimeric N-acetylgalactosamine-containing clearing agent and radiolabeled 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic (DOTA)-biotin. The scFv(4)SA construct was genetically engineered by fusing Fv fragments of the human CD45-specific BC8 Ab to a full-length genomic SA gene and was expressed as a soluble tetramer in the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli. The fusion protein was purified to >95% homogeneity at an overall yield of approximately 50% using iminobiotin affinity chromatography. The immunoreactivity and avidity of the fusion protein were comparable with those of the intact BC8 Ab, and the scFv(4)SA construct bound an average of 3.9 biotin molecules out of four theoretically possible. Mouse lymphoma xenograft experiments showed minimal toxicity, excellent tumor-specific targeting of the fusion protein and radiolabeled DOTA-biotin in vivo, marked inhibition of tumor growth, and cured 100% of mice bearing CD45-expressing tumors. These promising results have prompted large-scale cGMP production of the BC8 fusion protein for clinical trials to be conducted in patients with hematologic malignancies.