Functionally and Phenotypically Distinct Subpopulations of Marrow Stromal Cells Are Fibroblast in Origin and Induce Different Fates in Peripheral Blood Monocytes.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Stem cells and development, Volume 23, Issue 7, p.729-40 (2014)

Keywords:

2014, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Experimental Histopathology Core Facility, Genomics Core Facility, November 2013

Abstract:

Marrow stromal cells constitute a heterogeneous population of cells, typically isolated after expansion in culture. In vivo, stromal cells often exist in close proximity or in direct contact with monocyte-derived macrophages, yet their interaction with monocytes is largely unexplored. In this report, isolated CD146(+) and CD146(-) stromal cells, as well as immortalized cell lines representative of each (designated HS27a and HS5, respectively), were shown by global DNase I hypersensitive site mapping and principal coordinate analysis to have a lineage association with marrow fibroblasts. Gene expression profiles generated for the CD146(+) and CD146(-) cell lines indicate significant differences in their respective transcriptomes, which translates into differences in secreted factors. Consequently, the conditioned media (CM) from these two populations induce different fates in peripheral blood monocytes. Monocytes incubated in CD146(+) CM acquire a tissue macrophage phenotype, whereas monocytes incubated in CM from CD146(-) cells express markers associated with pre-dendritic cells. Importantly, when CD14(+) monocytes are cultured in contact with the CD146(+) cells, the combined cell populations, assayed as a unit, show increased levels of transcripts associated with organismal development and hematopoietic regulation. In contrast, the gene expression profile from cocultures of monocytes and CD146(-) cells does not differ from that obtained when monocytes are cultured with CD146(-) CM. These in vitro results show that the CD146(+) marrow stromal cells together with monocytes increase the expression of genes relevant to hematopoietic regulation. In vivo relevance of these data is suggested by immunohistochemistry of marrow biopsies showing juxtaposed CD146(+) cells and CD68(+) cells associated with these upregulated proteins.