Fine Particulate Matter (PM(2.5)) Air Pollution and Immune Status Among Women in the Seattle Area.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Archives of environmental & occupational health, Volume 66, Issue 3, p.155-65 (2011)


2011, Aged, Air Pollutants, Biological Markers, C-Reactive Protein, Center-Authored Paper, Cities, Cytotoxicity, Immunologic, Female, Humans, Immune System, Immunity, Cellular, INFLAMMATION, Interleukin-6, Killer Cells, Natural, Lymphocyte Activation, Middle Aged, Particulate Matter, Prevention Center Core Facility, Public Health Sciences Division, September 2011, Serum Amyloid A Protein, Shared Resources, Washington


ABSTRACT Changes in immune status have been suggested as a possible biologic mechanism by which particulate matter (PM) air pollution could lead to adverse health effects. The authors studied associations between ambient PM(2.5) and immune status among 115 postmenopausal, overweight women in the greater Seattle, Washington, area. The authors evaluated 3-day, 30-day, and 60-day average PM(2.5) values in relation to inflammation markers (C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, interleukin-6) and functional assays of cellular immunity (natural killer cell cytotoxicity, T-lymphocyte proliferation) at 3 time points for each woman during 1 year. Three-day averaged PM(2.5) was inversely associated with anti-CD3-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation. There were no notable associations between the inflammation markers and PM(2.5). If additional studies confirm our findings, then future health effect assessments for PM(2.5) should consider changes in cellular immunity as an endpoint that may lead to overt clinical disease.