The effect of long-term ruxolitinib treatment on JAK2p.V617F allele burden in patients with myelofibrosis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Blood, Volume 126, Issue 13, p.1551-1554 (2015)

Abstract:

The JAK2 c.1849G>T (p.V617F) mutation leads to constitutive activation of JAK2 and contributes to dysregulated JAK signaling in myelofibrosis (MF), polycythemia vera (PV), and essential thrombocythemia (ET). In the phase 3, placebo-controlled COMFORT-I study, patients with MF, post-PV MF, or post-ET MF achieved significant reductions in splenomegaly and improvements in symptoms with ruxolitinib versus placebo at week 24. This long-term follow-up analysis was performed to determine whether ruxolitinib therapy altered the JAK2p.V617F allele burden in JAK2p.V617F-positive patients. Assessments at baseline and weeks 24, 48, 120, 144, 168, and 216 demonstrated reductions in allele burden from baseline with ruxolitinib treatment that correlated with spleen volume reductions. Of 236 JAK2p.V617F-positive patients analyzed, 20 achieved partial and 6 achieved complete molecular responses, with median times to response of 22.2 and 27.5 months, respectively. Allele burden reductions were greater in patients with shorter disease duration, which suggests a potential benefit of earlier treatment.