DNA damage and repair: fruit and vegetable effects in a feeding trial.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Nutrition and cancer, Volume 62, Issue 3, p.329-35 (2010)

Keywords:

2010, Adult, Bilirubin, Center-Authored Paper, Cross-Over Studies, DNA Damage, DNA repair, Female, Fruit, Glucuronosyltransferase, Humans, Male, Nutrition Assessment Core Facility, Prevention Center Core Facility, Public Health Sciences Division, Shared Resources, Specimen Processing Core Facility, Vegetables

Abstract:

Epidemiologic studies have examined the association between fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and the risk of cancer. Several cancer-preventive mechanisms have been proposed, such as antioxidant properties and modulation of biotransformation enzyme activities; both may be associated with reducing DNA damage and hence the mutation rate. We investigated, in a randomized, controlled, crossover feeding trial, the effect of 10 servings/day of botanically defined F&V for 2 wk on endogenous DNA damage; resistance to gamma -irradiation damage; and DNA repair capacity in lymphocytes, measured by the Comet assay. We also explored the association between the UGT1A1*28 polymorphism and serum bilirubin concentrations and DNA damage and repair measures. Healthy men (n = 11) and women (n = 17), age 20 to 40 yr, provided blood samples at the end of each feeding period. Overall, F&V did not affect DNA damage and repair measures in lymphocytes. The number of UGT1A1*28 alleles was inversely associated with sensitivity to gamma -irradiation exposure and DNA repair capacity, but a biological mechanism to explain this association is unclear. A larger sample size is needed to investigate the association between bilirubin concentrations and endogenous DNA damage. With inconsistent findings in the literature, additional dietary intervention studies on the effect of F&V on DNA damage and repair are needed.