Disc1 regulates both {beta}-catenin-mediated and noncanonical Wnt signaling during vertebrate embryogenesis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Volume 25, Issue 12, p.4184-4197 (2011)

Keywords:

2011, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Animals, Genetically Modified, Base Sequence, Basic Sciences Division, beta Catenin, Binding Sites, Brain, Center-Authored Paper, Comparative Medicine Core Facility, Conserved Sequence, DNA Primers, Embryonic Development, Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3, Humans, mutagenesis, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Neurogenesis, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Antisense, September 2011, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Shared Resources, Signal Transduction, Species Specificity, Wnt Signaling Pathway, zebrafish, Zebrafish Proteins

Abstract:

Disc1 is a schizophrenia risk gene that engages multiple signaling pathways during neurogenesis and brain development. Using the zebrafish as a tool, we analyze the function of zebrafish Disc1 (zDisc1) at the earliest stages of brain and body development. We define a "tool" as a biological system that gives insight into mechanisms underlying a human disorder, although the system does not phenocopy the disorder. A zDisc1 peptide binds to GSK3β, and zDisc1 directs early brain development and neurogenesis, by promoting β-catenin-mediated Wnt signaling and inhibiting GSK3β activity. zDisc1 loss-of-function embryos additionally display a convergence and extension phenotype, demonstrated by abnormal movement of dorsolateral cells during gastrulation, through changes in gene expression, and later through formation of abnormal, U-shaped muscle segments, and a truncated tail. These phenotypes are caused by alterations in the noncanonical Wnt pathway, via Daam and Rho signaling. The convergence and extension phenotype can be rescued by a dominant negative GSK3β construct, suggesting that zDisc1 inhibits GSK3β activity during noncanonical Wnt signaling. This is the first demonstration that Disc1 modulates the noncanonical Wnt pathway and suggests a previously unconsidered mechanism by which Disc1 may contribute to the etiology of neuropsychiatric disorders.-De Rienzo, G., Bishop, J. A., Mao, Y., Pan, L., Ma, T. P., Moens, C. B., Tsai, L. H., Sive, H. Disc1 regulates both β-catenin-mediated and noncanonical Wnt signaling during vertebrate embryogenesis.