Dietary mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids similarly increase plasma apolipoprotein A-IV concentrations in healthy men and women.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

The Journal of nutrition, Volume 133, Issue 6, p.1821-5 (2003)

Keywords:

Adult, Apolipoproteins A, diet, Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated, Fatty Acids, Unsaturated, Female, Humans, Male, Osmolar Concentration, Reference Values

Abstract:

We investigated the effect of dietary fatty acid composition on plasma apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV concentrations. Plasma apo A-IV concentrations were measured by ELISA in plasma of 48 healthy men and women in a controlled dietary study. First, all participants consumed a 2-wk baseline diet rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA). Then, they were randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments, which contained refined olive oil [rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), n = 17], rapeseed oil [rich in MUFA and alpha-linolenic acid [18:3(n-3)], n = 13], or sunflower oil [rich in (n-6) PUFA, n = 18] as the principal source of fat for 4 wk. The plasma concentrations of apo A-IV increased when subjects consumed the diets rich in unsaturated fatty acids, by 16% or 13.0 mg/L [F((2,76)) = 12.874, P < 0.001 by repeated-measures ANOVA]. The increase was not affected by diet group affiliation, gender or apo A-IV genotype. In conclusion, diets rich in unsaturated fatty acids, independent of the degree of unsaturation, gender and apo A-IV genotype, increase plasma apo A-IV concentrations compared with a baseline diet rich in SFA in healthy men and women.