Development of an ESL curriculum to educate Chinese immigrants about hepatitis B.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of community health, Volume 33, Issue 4, p.217-24 (2008)

Keywords:

2008, 258, Adolescent, Adult, Asian Americans, Canada, China, Cultural Characteristics, Curriculum, Emigrants and Immigrants, Female, Health Education, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Hepatitis B, Humans, Language, Male, Middle Aged

Abstract:

Chinese immigrants to North America have substantially higher rates of chronic hepatitis B infection than the general population. One area for strategic development in the field of health education is the design and evaluation of English-as-a-Second language (ESL) curricula. The theoretical perspective of the Health Behavior Framework, results from a community-based survey of Chinese Canadian immigrants with limited English proficiency, and findings from focus groups of ESL instructors as well as Chinese ESL students were used to develop a hepatitis B ESL educational module. This research was conducted in Vancouver, BC. Survey data showed that less than three-fifths of the respondents had been tested for hepatitis B, and documented some important hepatitis B knowledge deficits. Further, only about one-quarter had ever received a physician recommendation for hepatitis B serologic testing. The ESL curriculum aims to both promote hepatitis B testing and improve knowledge, and includes seven different ESL exercises: Warm-up, vocabulary cards, information-gap, video, jigsaw, guided discussion, and problem/advice cards. Our quantitative and qualitative methods for curriculum development could be replicated for other health education topics and in other limited English speaking populations.