Crossover invariance determined by partner choice for meiotic DNA break repair.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cell, Volume 142, Issue 2, p.243-55 (2010)

Keywords:

2010, Basic Sciences Division, Crossing Over, Genetic, DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded, DNA repair, DNA, Cruciform, Flow Cytometry Core Facility, Genomics Core Facility, MEIOSIS, Rad51 Recombinase, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Scientific Imaging Core Facility, Shared Resources

Abstract:

Crossovers between meiotic homologs are crucial for their proper segregation, and crossover number and position are carefully controlled. Crossover homeostasis in budding yeast maintains crossovers at the expense of noncrossovers when double-strand DNA break (DSB) frequency is reduced. The mechanism of maintaining constant crossover levels in other species has been unknown. Here we investigate in fission yeast a different aspect of crossover control--the near invariance of crossover frequency per kb of DNA despite large variations in DSB intensity across the genome. Crossover invariance involves the choice of sister chromatid versus homolog for DSB repair. At strong DSB hotspots, intersister repair outnumbers interhomolog repair approximately 3:1, but our genetic and physical data indicate the converse in DSB-cold regions. This unanticipated mechanism of crossover control may operate in many species and explain, for example, the large excess of DSBs over crossovers and the repair of DSBs on unpaired chromosomes in diverse species.