Comparison of a tetravalent single-chain antibody-streptavidin fusion protein and an antibody-streptavidin chemical conjugate for pretargeted anti-CD20 radioimmunotherapy of B-cell lymphomas.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Blood, Volume 108, Issue 1, p.328-36 (2006)

Keywords:

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, CD20, Antineoplastic Agents, Cell Line, Tumor, Female, Humans, Lymphoma, B-Cell, MICE, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Neoplasm Transplantation, Neoplasms, Experimental, Radioimmunotherapy, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Streptavidin, Time Factors, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

Abstract:

The efficacy of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for patients with relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is limited by nonspecific delivery of radiation to normal tissues due to the long circulating half-life of radiolabeled anti-CD20 antibodies (Abs). Pretargeted RIT using a covalent conjugate of the 1F5 anti-CD20 Ab with streptavidin (SA) has been shown to augment the efficacy of RIT and decrease toxicity compared with a directly labeled 1F5 Ab. We have engineered a tetravalent singlechain 1F5 (scFv)4SA fusion protein and compared it to the 1F5-SA conjugate. Athymic mice bearing Ramos lymphoma xenografts received either the conjugate or fusion protein, followed 20 hours later by a biotin-N-acetyl-galactosamine clearing agent, followed 4 hours later by 111In-DOTA-biotin. After 24 hours, 11.4% +/- 2.1% of the injected dose of radionuclide was present per gram of tumor (% ID/g) using 1F5 (scFv)4SA compared with 10.8% +/- 2.5% ID/g with 1F5 Ab-SA. Superior tumor-to-normal organ ratios of radioactivity were consistently seen using the fusion protein compared with the chemical conjugate (eg, tumor-to-blood ratio > 65:1 after 48 hours with the fusion protein, but < 7:1 with the conjugate). More than 90% of lymphomabearing mice could be cured with minimal toxicity using either reagent followed by 1200 muCi (44.4 MBq) 90Y-DOTA-biotin.