Comparison of outcomes of HLA-matched related, unrelated, or HLA-haploidentical related hematopoietic cell transplantation following nonmyeloablative conditioning for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Volume 14, Issue 11, p.1279-87 (2008)

Keywords:

2008, Acute Disease, Adolescent, Adult, Center-Authored Paper, Chronic Disease, Clinical Research Division, Disease-Free Survival, Female, Flow Cytometry Core Facility, Follow-Up Studies, Graft vs Host Disease, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, HLA Antigens, Hodgkin Disease, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, RECURRENCE, Research Trials Office Core Facility - Biostatistics Service, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Shared Resources, Survival Rate, Transplantation Conditioning, Transplantation, Homologous

Abstract:

We compared the outcome of nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) based on donor cell source. Ninety patients with HL were treated with nonmyeloablative conditioning followed by HCT from HLA-matched related, n=38, unrelated, n=24, or HLA-haploidentical related, n=28 donors. Patients were heavily pretreated with a median of 5 regimens and most patients had failed autologous HCT (92%) and local radiation therapy (83%). With a median follow-up of 25 months, 2-year overall survivals, progression-free survivals (OS)/(PFS), and incidences of relapsed/progressive disease were 53%, 23%, and 56% (HLA-matched related), 58%, 29%, and 63% (unrelated), and 58%, 51%, and 40% (HLA-haploidentical related), respectively. Nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was significantly lower for HLA-haploidentical related (P=.02) recipients compared to HLA-matched related recipients. There were also significantly decreased risks of relapse for HLA-haploidentical related recipients compared to HLA-matched related (P=.01) and unrelated (P=.03) recipients. The incidences of acute grades III-IV and extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD, cGVHD) were 16%/50% (HLA-matched related), 8%/63% (unrelated), and 11%/35% (HLA-haploidentical related). These data suggested that salvage allogeneic HCT using nonmyeloablative conditioning provided antitumor activity in patients with advanced HL; however, disease relapse/progression continued to be major problems. Importantly, alternative donor stem cell sources are a viable option.