Comparison of oral and vaginal metronidazole for treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: impact on fastidious bacteria.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

BMC infectious diseases, Volume 9, p.89 (2009)

Keywords:

2009, Administration, Intravaginal, Administration, Oral, Adult, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Bacteria, Female, Humans, Metronidazole, PREGNANCY, Pregnancy Complications, Infectious, Prospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Vagina, Vaginosis, Bacterial, Young Adult

Abstract:

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common condition that is associated with preterm birth and acquisition of complex communities of vaginal bacteria that include several fastidious species. Treatment of BV in pregnancy has mixed effects on the risk of preterm delivery, which some hypothesize is due to variable antibiotic efficacy for the fastidious bacteria. Both oral and intravaginal metronidazole can be used to treat bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy, but little is known about the impact of different routes of antibiotic administration on concentrations of fastidious vaginal bacteria.