Combination of HOXB4 and Delta-1 ligand improves expansion of cord blood cells.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Blood, Volume 116, Issue 26, p.5859-66 (2010)


2010, Animals, Cells, Cultured, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Colony-Forming Units Assay, Culture Media, Conditioned, Fetal Blood, Genomics Core Facility, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, LYMPHOCYTES, Macaca nemestrina, Membrane Proteins, MICE, Mice, Inbred NOD, Mice, SCID, Myeloid Cells, PHENOTYPE, Shared Resources, TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS


Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is an attractive cell source for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Here we examine whether the combination of homeobox B4 (HOXB4) and Delta-1 ligand (DL) synergize when used together. Monkey and human UCB CD34(+) cells were transduced with a HOXB4-expressing gammaretroviral vector and cultured with DL. Individual and combined effects of HOXB4 and DL were assessed by colony-forming unit assays, flow cytometry, and nonobese diabetic/severe combined immune deficienct mouse transplantation. The presence of DL yielded higher percentage of CD34(+) and CD7(+) cells and lower percentages of CD14(+) cells than non-DL cultures. Furthermore, HOXB4 yielded higher percentages of CD34(+) and CD14(+) cells than non-HOXB4 cultures. Interestingly, coculture with DL-expressing OP9 cells resulted in better maintenance of HOXB4 than culture in DL-conditioned medium. Culture of HOXB4-transduced human cells in the presence of DL yielded enhanced generation of repopulating cells with higher levels of engraftment of human CD45(+), CD34(+), CD3(+), CD20(+), and CD41(+) cells compared with either factor individually. Our results demonstrate enhanced generation of hematopoietic progenitors by combining HOXB4 and DL; addition of DL further enhances expansion of multipotent cells capable of repopulating lymphoid and megakaryocyte lineages, which is not observed with HOXB4 alone.