Chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease shares genetic background with esophageal adenocarcinoma and Barrett's esophagus.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Human molecular genetics (2015)

Abstract:

Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) is a rapidly fatal cancer with rising incidence in the developed world. Most EAs arise in a metaplastic epithelium, Barrett's esophagus (BE), which is associated with greatly increased risk of EA. One of the key risk factors for both BE and EA is chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This study used the LD score regression and genomic profile risk scoring approaches to investigate the contribution of multiple common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to risk of GERD, and the extent of genetic overlap between GERD and BE or EA. Using LD score regression we estimated an overall phenotypic variance of 7% (95% CI 3%-11%) for GERD explained by all the genotyped SNPs. A genetic correlation of 77% (se=24%, P= 0.0012) between GERD and BE and 88% between GERD and EA (se=25%, P= 0.0004) was estimated using the LD score regression approach. Results from the genomic profile risk scoring approach, as a robustness check, were broadly similar to those from the LD score regression. This study provides the first evidence for a polygenic basis for GERD and supports for a polygenic overlap between GERD and BE, and GERD and EA.