Chromatin remodeling around nucleosome-free regions leads to repression of noncoding RNA transcription.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Molecular and cellular biology, Volume 30, Issue 21, p.5110-22 (2010)

Keywords:

2010, 3' Untranslated Regions, 5' Untranslated Regions, Adenosine Triphosphatases, Basic Sciences Division, Center-Authored Paper, Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly, Gene Deletion, Genes, Fungal, Genomics Core Facility, Nucleosomes, Open Reading Frames, RNA, Fungal, RNA, Untranslated, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Shared Resources, TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS, Transcription, Genetic

Abstract:

Nucleosome-free regions (NFRs) at the 5' and 3' ends of genes are general sites of transcription initiation for mRNA and noncoding RNA (ncRNA). The presence of NFRs within transcriptional regulatory regions and the conserved location of transcription start sites at NFRs strongly suggest that the regulation of NFRs profoundly affects transcription initiation. To date, multiple factors are known to facilitate transcription initiation by positively regulating the formation and/or size of NFRs in vivo. However, mechanisms to repress transcription by negatively regulating the size of NFRs have not been identified. We identified four distinct classes of NFRs located at the 5' and 3' ends of genes, within open reading frames (ORFs), and far from ORFs. The ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling enzyme Isw2 was found enriched at all classes of NFRs. Analysis of RNA levels also demonstrated Isw2 is required to repress ncRNA transcription from many of these NFRs. Thus, by the systematic annotation of NFRs across the yeast genome and analysis of ncRNA transcription, we established, for the first time, a mechanism by which NFR size is negatively regulated to repress ncRNA transcription from NFRs. Finally, we provide evidence suggesting that one biological consequence of repression of ncRNA, by Isw2 or by the exosome, is prevention of transcriptional interference of mRNA.