Cell-type-specific tyrosine phosphorylation of the herpes simplex virus tegument protein VP11/12 encoded by gene UL46.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of virology, Volume 82, Issue 13, p.6098-108 (2008)

Keywords:

2008, Antigens, Viral, Blotting, Southern, Blotting, Western, Center-Authored Paper, DNA Primers, Flow Cytometry Core Facility, Humans, Jurkat Cells, Killer Cells, Natural, mass spectrometry, PHOSPHORYLATION, Plasmids, Scientific Imaging Core Facility, Shared Resources, Signal Transduction, TYROSINE, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Viral Proteins

Abstract:

Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cells play key roles in limiting herpesvirus infections; consequently, many herpesviruses, including herpes simplex virus (HSV), have evolved diverse strategies to evade and/or disarm these killer lymphocytes. Previous studies have shown that CTL and NK cells are functionally inactivated following contact with HSV-infected fibroblasts. During studies of the mechanisms involved, we discovered that HSV-inactivated NK-92 NK cells and Jurkat T cells contain a strikingly prominent, novel, ca. 90-kDa tyrosine-phosphorylated protein that we identified as the HSV tegument protein VP11/12. Inasmuch as VP11/12 produced in fibroblasts and epithelial cells is not obviously tyrosine phosphorylated, these data suggested that VP11/12 serves as the substrate of a cell-type-specific protein tyrosine kinase. Consistent with this hypothesis, VP11/12 was also tyrosine phosphorylated in B lymphocytes, and this modification was severely reduced in Jurkat T cells lacking the lymphocyte-specific Src family kinase Lck. These findings demonstrate that HSV tegument proteins can be differentially modified depending on the cell type infected. Our data also raise the possibility that VP11/12 may modulate one or more lymphocyte-specific signaling pathways or serve another lymphocyte-specific function. However, HSV type 1 mutants lacking the UL46 gene retained the ability to block signaling through the T-cell receptor in Jurkat cells and remained competent to functionally inactivate the NK-92 NK cell line, indicating that VP11/12 is not essential for lymphocyte inactivation. Further studies are therefore required to determine the biological function of tyrosine-phosphorylated VP11/12.