Cancer-specific requirement for BUB1B/BubR1 in human brain tumor isolates and genetically transformed cells.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cancer discovery, Volume 3, Issue 2, p.198-211 (2012)

Keywords:

Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Comparative Medicine Core Facility, December 2012, Genomics Core Facility, Human Biology Division, Scientific Imaging Core Facility, Shared Resources

Abstract:

To identify new candidate therapeutic targets for Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), we combined functional genetics and GBM network modeling to identify kinases required for the growth of patient-derived brain tumor initiating cells (BTICs), but which are dispensable to proliferating human neural stem cells (NSCs). This approach yielded BUB1B/BUBR1, a critical mitotic spindle checkpoint player, as the top scoring GBM-lethal kinase. Knockdown of BUB1B inhibited expansion of BTIC isolates, both in vitro and in vivo, without affecting proliferation of NSCs or astrocytes. Mechanistic studies revealed that BUB1B's GLEBs domain activity is required to suppress lethal kinetochore-microtubule (KT-MT) attachment defects in GBM isolates and genetically transformed cells with altered sister KT dynamics, which likely favor KT-MT instability. These results indicate that GBM tumors have added requirement for BUB1B to suppress lethal consequences of altered KT function. They further suggest that sister KT measurements may predict cancer-specific sensitivity to BUB1B inhibition and perhaps other mitotic targets that affect KT-MT stability.