Association of insulin and insulin-like growth factors with Barrett's oesophagus.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Gut, Volume 61, Issue 5, p.665-672 (2012)

Keywords:

2012, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Experimental Histopathology Core Facility, October 2011, Shared Resources

Abstract:

BackgroundIt is postulated that high serum levels of insulin and insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1) mediate obesity-associated carcinogenesis. The relationship of insulin, IGF-1 and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP) with Barrett's oesophagus (BO) has not been well examined.MethodsSerum levels of insulin and IGFBPs in patients with BO were compared with two separate control groups: subjects with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and screening colonoscopy controls. Fasting insulin, IGF-1 and IGFBPs were assayed in the serum of BO cases (n=135), GORD (n=135) and screening colonoscopy (n=932) controls recruited prospectively at two academic hospitals. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk of BO.ResultsPatients in the highest tertile of serum insulin levels had an increased risk of BO compared with colonoscopy controls (adjusted OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.15 to 3.54) but not compared with GORD controls (adjusted OR 1.55, 95% CI 0.76 to 3.15). Serum IGF-1 levels in the highest tertile were associated with an increased risk of BO (adjusted OR 4.05, 95% CI 2.01 to 8.17) compared with the screening colonoscopy control group but were not significantly different from the GORD control group (adjusted OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.27 to 1.17). IGFBP-1 levels in the highest tertile were inversely associated with a risk of BO in comparison with the screening colonoscopy controls (adjusted OR 0.11, 95% CI 0.05 to 0.24) but were not significantly different from the GORD control group (adjusted OR 1.04, 95% CI 0.49 to 2.16). IGFBP-3 levels in the highest tertile were inversely associated with the risk of BO compared with the GORD controls (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.81) and also when compared with the colonoscopy controls (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.20 to 0.79).ConclusionsThese results provide support for the hypothesis that the insulin/IGF signalling pathways have a role in the development of BO.