Anti-Inducible Costimulator Monoclonal Antibody Treatment of Canine Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Volume 24, Issue 1, p.50-54 (2018)


Comparative Medicine Core Facility


In murine model systems inducible costimulator (ICOS) signaling has been implicated in the formation of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Previously, we showed that chronic GVHD can be reproducibly produced in the dog hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) model and that ICOS expression is upregulated on T cells in dogs with chronic GVHD. The goal of the present study was to determine whether administration of a short course of anti-canine ICOS mAb could alter the rapid and progressive course of chronic GVHD. Five dogs underwent HCT from dog leukocyte antigen mismatched unrelated donors after total body irradiation. Postgrafting immunosuppression consisted of methotrexate (days 1, 3, 6, and 11) and cyclosporine (days -1 through 78). Anti-ICOS mAb (3 injections, 72 hours apart) was administered upon diagnosis of GVHD. One dog failed to respond to anti-ICOS mAb therapy and succumbed to chronic GVHD in a time course similar to control untreated dogs. Overall, anti-ICOS-treated dogs experienced a significant prolongation in survival from the time of diagnosis of chronic GVHD compared with control dogs. Within the limitations of the number of study dogs we suggest that a short course of anti-ICOS mAb may be useful in the treatment of chronic canine GVHD.